Jun 22 – 27, 2023
Auditorium Maximum
Europe/Warsaw timezone

Overview on hadronization of quarks in proton-proton and e+e- collisions

Jun 24, 2023, 1:00 PM
Medium lecture hall (A and B) (Auditorium Maximum)

Medium lecture hall (A and B)

Auditorium Maximum

Invited Plenary session


Mattia Faggin (University of Padua)


The so-called hadronization is a non-perturbative QCD phenomenon corresponding to the formation of colourless hadrons from coloured quark constituents. The hadron formation in point-like $e^+e^-$ collisions is described via the Lund string fragmentation, according to which the $q\bar{q}$ pair production in the scattering is followed by a shower of light partons produced via multiple color-string breaking, which produce color singlets in the final states. The probability to obtain a hadron of a given species carrying a certain momentum fraction of the original quark is quantified by the fragmentation functions. They are assumed universal and usually constrained from $e^+e^-$ and $e^-p$ collisions, and they succesfully describe the production of mesons in $e^+e^-$ and pp collisions at the colliders. However, recent measurements of pp collision data from the LHC showed a surprising relative enhancement of baryon production compared to mesons, and model predictions based on Lund string fragmentation do not describe the data. In this talk, an overview of the most recent experimental results of hadron production cross section in pp collisions at the LHC compared with $e+e-$ results will be provided. A comparison with novel theoretical models implementing hadronization mechanisms different from the Lund string fragmentation will be also discussed.

Primary author

Mattia Faggin (University of Padua)

Presentation materials